Critical Thinking: A Cheatsheet

Dynamite questions to ask when you are willing to second-guess yourself.
  1. What would it take to convince me that I am wrong? (Falsifiability)
  2. How could I empirically prove the exact opposite of what I suspect to be true? (Null hypothesis)
  3. How could someone else argue that my position is illogical or irrational? (Self-debate)
  4. Who benefits the most when I hold this belief? (Critical discourse analysis)
  5. How would a rational person who holds an opposing viewpoint explain and justify their position? (Empathy)
  6. Can I conceptualize an alternative position that does not yield a binary ‘true or false’ dichotomy? (Non-dualism)
  7. How does my position and experience in society inform my assumptions and perspective? (Reflexive intersectionality)
  8. What unconscious mental shortcuts can I identify in my reasoning and rationale? (Cognitive bias mitigation)
  9. How can I guard myself against the illusion that I am reasoning objectively? (Skepticism)
  10. What beliefs have I already unconsciously accepted in order to arrive at my present position? (Presuppositions, tacit assumptions)
  11. What do the words that I use to express my beliefs connote implicitly that they do not denote explicitly? (Semantics, pragmatics)
  12. What are the psychological, social, institutional, or cultural costs of changing my mind? (Motivated reasoning)
  13. How would my identity be threatened if my beliefs or reasoning were shown to be flawed? (Externalize epistemology)
  14. If faced with sufficient counter-evidence, would I care about truth enough to abandon my present beliefs? (Ideological commitments)
  15. Who is framing, shaping, and informing the questions that I can even think to ask? (Social influence)
  16. What questions am I most afraid to ask? (Courage)