This is my reading list. It is organized and compiled as a rough timeline to help me visualize and ‘triangulate’ a better understanding of how all the pieces connect across time, cultures, and traditions. This list is surely error-ridden, only quasi-chronological, and under continual revision. (I now mostly add new titles as I read them.) Feel free to suggest additions or corrections in the comments.

If you just discovering ancient/classical literature, you might be interested in these recommendations on where to start.

Before Common Era
20th Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh Epic Mesopotamian Oxford
20th Gilgamesh Epic Sumerian Penguin
Current Chronological Priority Bookmark
20th Writings from Ancient Egypt Various Egyptian Penguin
20th The Tale of Sinuhe: and Other Ancient Egyptian Poems Narrative Egyptian Oxford
16th Book of the Dead Divination Egyptian Penguin
16th-11th Rigveda Hindu Indian/Sanskrit Penguin
9th I Ching Divination Chinese Penguin
9th-7th Upanishads Sacred Indian/Sanskrit Penguin
8th-7th Iliad Homer Epic Greek Penguin
8th-7th Odyssey Homer Epic Greek Penguin
8th-7th Homeric Hymns Homer Poetry Greek Penguin
8th-7th Theogony Hesiod Poetry Greek Penguin
8th-6th Torah, Tanakh Sacred Judaism Hebrew Penguin
8th Mahabharata Vyasa Epic Indian/Sanskrit Penguin
8th Bhagavad Gita (In Mahabharata) Vyasa Epic Indian/Sanskrit Penguin
7th-6th Greek Lyric Poetry ‘The Nine’ Poetry Greek Oxford
7th-6th Stung by Love: Poems and Fragments Sappho Poetry Greek Penguin
6th Fables Aesop Narrative Greek Penguin
6th-5th The Most Venerable Book (Shang Shu) Confucious Confucianism Chinese Penguin
6th-5th Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean (Ta Hsueh and Chung Yung) Confucianism Chinese Penguin
6th-5th Analects Confucius Confucianism Chinese Penguin
6th-4th Tao Te Ching Lao Tzu Taoism Chinese Penguin
6th-5th Presocratics Various Philosophy Greek Penguin
5th Art of War Sun Tzu Military Chinese Penguin
5th The Odes Pindar Poetry Greek Penguin
5th Complete Poems Bacchylides Poetry Greek Yale
5th Sophists Various Philosophy Greek Penguin
5th Cynics Diogenes, et. al Philosophy Greek Penguin
5th The Histories Herodotus History Greek Penguin
5th History of the Peloponnesian War Thucydides History Greek Penguin
5th Oresteia, Agamemnon, Libation Bearers, Eumenides Aeschylus Play Greek Penguin
5th Prometheus Bound, Suppliants, Seven Against Thebes, The Persians Aeschylus Play Greek Penguin
5th The Persians and Other Plays Aeschylus Play Greek Penguin
5th Agamemnon; The Choephori; The Eumenides Aeschylus Play Greek Penguin
5th Antigone, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus Sophocles Play Greek Penguin
5th Electra, Ajax, Women of Trachis, Philoctetes Sophocles Play Greek Penguin
5th Medea Euripides Play Greek Pengin
5th The Bacchae Euripides Tragedy Greek Penguin
5th Electra Euripides Play Greek Penguin
5th-4th Book of Mo Zi Mo Zi Mohism Chinese Penguin
5th-4th Book of Chuang Tzu Chuang Tzu Taoism Chinese Penguin
5th-4th Hellenica Xenophon History Greek Penguin
5th-4th The Persian Expedition Xenophon History Greek Penguin
5th-4th The Frogs, Wasps, Women at the Thesmophoria Aristophanes Comedy Greek Penguin
5th-4th Lysistrata, The Clouds, The Achanians Aristophanes Comedy Greek Penguin
4th Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo Plato Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Phaedrus Plato Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Symposium Plato Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Republic Plato Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Timaeus, Critias Plato Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Politics Aristotle Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Poetics Aristotle Philosophy Greek Penguin
4th Ramayana Valmiki Epic Indian/Sanskrit Penguin
4th-3rd Mencius Mencius Confucianism Chinese Penguin
4th-3rd Old Cantankerous, The Girl from Samos, The Rape of the Locks Menander Comedy Greek Penguin
3rd Dhammapada Buddha (6th-4th) Buddhism Indian/Sanskirt Penguin
3rd The Argonautica Apollonius of Rhodes Epic Greek Penguin
2nd The Pot of Gold, Prisoners, Brothers Menaechmus, Swaggering Soldier, Pseudolus Plautus Comedy Latin/Roman Penguin
2nd The Rope, The Ghost, A Three-Dollar Day, Amphitryo Plautus Comedy Latin/Roman Penguin
2nd The Girl from Andros, Self-Tormentor, The Eunuch, Phormio, The Mother-in-Law, The Brothers Terence Comedy Latin/Roman Penguin
1st The Poems Catullus Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Georgics Virgil Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st The Eclogues Virgil Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Aeneid Virgil Epic Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Odes, Epodes Horace Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Satires Horace Satire Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Metamorphoses Ovid Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Heroides Ovid Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Fasti Ovid Poetry Latin/Roman Penguin
Common Era
1st The Apocolocyntosis (Seneca), The Satyricon Petronius Play Latin/Roman Penguin
1st Civil War Lucan Play Latin/Roman Penguin
1st-2nd Epictetus Stoicism Greek/Roman Penguin
1st-2nd Satires Juvenal Play Latin/Roman Penguin
1st-2nd Pliny the Younger Letters Latin/Roman Penguin
1st-2nd New Testament Various Christianity Koine Greek Penguin
2nd The Library of Greek Mythology Apollodorus Mythography Greek Oxford
2nd Twelve Caesars Suetonius History Latin/Roman Penguin
2nd Meditations Marcus Aurelius Stocisim Greek/Roman Penguin
2nd Metamorphoses, or Golden Ass Apuleius Fiction Latin/Roman Penguin
3rd-7th Avesta Zoroastrianism Persian Adamant
6th Consolation of Philosophy Boethius Philosophy Latin/Roman Penguin
7th Qur’an Islam Arabic Penguin
8th Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thodol) Padmasambhava Sacred Tibetan Buddhist Penguin
8th Beowulf Epic Anglo-Saxon Penguin
10th Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings Epic Persian Penguin
11th-12th Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam Omar Khayyam Poetry Persian Penguin
13th The Poetic Edda Poetry Norse-Icelandic Oxford
14th Ultimate Ambition in the Arts of Erudition Shihab al-Din al-Nuwayri Catalogue Arabic/Egyptian Penguin
1320 Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri Poetry Italian Penguin
1532 The Prince Niccolò Machiavelli Philosophy Italian Penguin
1651 Leviathan Thomas Hobbes Philosophy English Penguin
1762 Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau Philosophy French Penguin
1762 Emile Jean-Jacques Rousseau Philosophy French BasicBooks
1859 On Liberty John Stuart Mill Philosophy English Penguin

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